Models of Counselling & Therapy
CBT - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy which aims to retrain a persons way of thinking and in turn, help them cope effectively in stressful situations. It’s believed the way a person thinks about a situation has an affect on the way they act and similarly that the way a person acts influences their thoughts and feelings. So both thoughts and behaviour need to be changed to relieve the problem
Psychodynamic therapy is centred around the relationship between the clients personality and life experience and the effects they are having on their current thoughts, feelings, relationships and behaviour. Once an individual begins to understand this relationship more clearly they will find themselves able to deal with difficult situations more successfully.
Psychodynamic therapy is particularly useful when used to treat depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, long term health issues, eating disorder and addictions.
Humanistic therapy is a term which describes a holistic approach to an individuals health issue, meaning that mind, emotions, behaviour and spirituality are all incorporated in treatment in order achieve a result which treats the entire person and not just the ailment.
In order to achieve this all aspects of life must be investigated, including family, friends, society and culture. This type of therapy is most commonly used to treat issues such as depression, anxiety, and addiction and the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends that it be used to treat young people with mild depression and in some cases schizophrenia.
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